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BMI Kalkulator

Translate text

Kalkulator kalorija

Starost(god)
Visina(cm)
Težina(kg)
Pol
Aktivnost

Kalkulator trudnoce

Unesite datum poslednjeg ciklusa:
Rak grlića materice - faktori rizika, simptomi, preventiva, terapija
Ocena korisnika: / 17
LošeNajbolje 
Napisao Docent dr sc.med. Nemanja Milinčić   

   Faktori rizika

-    Virusi: možda i najopasniji faktor, bez njih nema karcinoma grlića. Među njima titulu najopasnijeg nose humani papiloma virusi ( HPV ), kojih ima u trocifrenom broju, ali su dokazano onkogeni sledeći tipovi : 16, 18, 31, 33 i 34. Genitalni herpes virus nosi potencijal za pojavu abnormalnih slika na grliću materice.
-    Nezaštićeni seksualni odnosi - obavezna intimna zaštita prilikom svakog seksualnog odnosa.
-    Rani seksualni odnosi – do 18 godine sluzokoža grlića materice je osetljiva, nezrela i tanka. Zato je kontakt sa virusima u periodu pre toga naročito rizičan. Rizik proporcionalno raste što je devojka mlađa.
-    Pušenje – konzumacija duvana se našla i na ovoj listi, a naći će se i na svakoj drugoj. Nema koristi od duvana, sem za duvansku industriju.
-    Promiskuitetni muškarci – oni nose svoj zapis u vremenu, ne na papiru već na vrhu svoje „pisaljke“. Zato vodite računa ko „ piše po vama i kakav će zapis biti.... ako je pisac rizičan mogu vam odmah reći i kraj priče .... batler je ubica“.
-    Cirkumcizija – smanjuje rizik od  karcinoma ali sama po sebi ne znači mnogo ako su prisutni ostali faktori rizika.

    
    virusi03                                                       Simptomi

    Kada se jave već je kasno.
    Javlja se intermenstrulano krvarenje, postkoitalno krvarenje, bol u maloj karlici, poremećaj funkcije bešike i rektuma, gubitak telesne mase, anemija.

    Preventiva

Ako je negde možemo sprovesti uspešno onda je to kod ovog oboljenja jer organ jasno vidimo prilikom pregleda.
Jednostavan i univerzalan citološki skrining sprovodi se jednom godišnje. Napravljeni razmaz po Papanikolau deli se u 5 grupa.
Sve žene su obavezne da jednom godišnje urade citološki pregled grlića, bez obzira na prethodne uredne nalaze. Pre 18 godine pregled rade seksualno aktivne devojke.

    Terapija


    Hirurška

    Terapija mikroinvazivnog karcinoma – konizacija grlića
    Terapija invazivnog karcinoma
    a: radikalna histerektomija  - odstranjenje unutrašnjih polnih organa
    b: Radioterapija
       Hemoterapija
       Palijativna

 
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